Paradise Within

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Our education system was framed by the British rulers to create civil servants to serve their purpose. In other words different students each offered or accepted one of these principles as their way of deciding what to do. Now reason issues its commands unyieldingly, without promising anything to the inclinations, and, as it were, with disregard and contempt for these claims, which are so impetuous, and at the same time so plausible, and which will not allow themselves to be suppressed by any command.

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Religion in the Public Square

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Conservatives likely have a shallower understanding of ethics; instead their understanding of ethics is more along the lines of “obey your authority figures”. We can all decide what is right for ourselves. In addition, people who have had the experiment described to them in detail, tend to be quite confident that, if they had participated in the original experiment, they would have stopped administering shocks at or before that relatively early point (150 volts), much earlier than anyone did in the actual experiment.

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Lamb and Anti-Lion

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Thus, Kant points out that a good will must then also be good in itself and not in virtue of its relationship to other things such as the agent’s own happiness, overall welfare or any other effects it may or may not produce A good will would still “shine like a jewel” even if it were “completely powerless to carry out its aims” (G 4:394). Progressive ideas try to find that elusive balance of creating fairness among unequal groups and individuals, yet treating all groups fairly.

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Weathering the Storm: Christians and the Societal Lynch Mob

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People want to proceed by small increments, with each step a small, well-rewarded bit of progress. There is thus a sort of insensible reductionism at work, although this is characteristic of the field. I would also say that ethics transcend culture, religion, and time as well as being based on introspection. Moral laws of nature were basic directions for solving the problem posed by our unsociably sociable nature. Subjective relativists are objectivists with regard neither to reality nor to our knowledge.

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Ethics : Theory and Practice

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While this vision seems in some sense sufficient to the good of the individual who experiences it, in the fmal analysis it must be judged as deficient. Let me briefly relate the history of this. A, or the, point of the balk rule in baseball is to make it illegal to pick off base runners by faking a pitch to the batter, only to hold onto the ball and throw it to a base once runners have started in motion in reasonable or legitimate anticipation that the pitcher has released the ball or gone far enough in his pitching motion to the plate that he must, if there is no unfair deception, release the ball in that direction. (There are some exceptions to that, such as if a runner is on another base, one can fake a throw to that base, and then throw to first, but essentially the idea is not to allow a kind of unfair deception by the pitcher to pick off a runner at first, or to make him, by means of unfair deception, stay on the base longer than would allow him to be able to steal second if there were no deception by that pitcher.) The point is that Major League Baseball was forced to re-write the balk rule, and what constituted a balk, at the conclusion of the season, in order to restore the balance on behalf of runners and base stealing.

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The Age of Missing Information (Plume)

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He sought merely to alter the locus of debate; in that, for those who have digested his works, he more than succeeded. Philosophical problems in the development of modern physics, such as the philosophy of space and time, the epistemology of geometry, the philosophical significance of Einstein’s theory of relativity, the interpretation of quantum mechanics, and the significance of modern cosmology. For example, the ethics of the medical profession in the 21st century are generally consistent and do not change from hospital to hospital, but they are different from the ethics of the 21st century legal profession.

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The Virtues Guide: A Family Handbook

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You have to offer reasons to believe them. What Kant means by this is that a rational being should not be used as a means to another person's happiness; if we use another person as a means to our ends then we have removed that person's autonomy. The latter are the perfections of the intellectual part and include practical reasoning, good judgment, sagacity and sound understanding. We cannot, then, truly be good without God; but if we can in some measure be good, then it follows that God exists.

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Greed: Economics and Ethics in Conflict

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The prohibition on the (...) gestation of non-permitted embryos and interspecies embryos is used to generate confidence that embryos with compromised origins would not be gestated and reared. By example: An ethical person knows and understands why stealing is wrong. Crucial to this science is a concrete projection of the moral ideal, a vision of what you should be seeking to embody in your soul. “An exhaustive philosophical treatise defining moral values, with a long list of virtues to be practiced,” she writes, “will not do it; it will not convey what an ideal man would be like and how he would act. .. .

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The Antimodern Condition: An Argument Against Progress

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Development of a system of first order logic. Nietzsche is the originator of a school whose doctrines are founded on these principles. Normative claims then include: 'Spousal abuse is immoral', 'One ought to keep promises', and 'Never lie'. People are born with all sorts of natural tendencies. Now in a being which has reason and a will, if the proper object of nature were its conservation, its welfare, in a word, its happiness, then nature would have hit upon a very bad arrangement in selecting the reason of the creature to carry out this purpose.

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Childe Harold's Pilgrimage

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The first is a short-term gain in terms of the range of considerations brought to bear on the question. For example, while they might concede that forces of social conformity significantly shape individuals' "moral" decisions, they deny that those cultural norms and customs define morally right behavior. Williams, Bernard, 1985, Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy, London: Fontana. –––, 2006, Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism, New York: Oxford University Press.

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